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Can excess protein cause harm? / NUTRITION
Can excess protein cause harm?
A varied diet is an eating plan that is individually adapted to the needs of a specific person. This type of diet is characterised by a properly structured distribution of macronutrients - so as to cover daily requirements and provide a sufficient source of energy for daily functioning. Can excess protein harm the body? What can too much protein in the diet cause?
Excess dietary protein: weight gain
This "side effect" is rather a detriment for people who are striving to reduce their current weight. Although muscle mass is the issue here, those working to lose weight should refrain from excess protein and provide enough to cover their daily requirements.
Excessive dietary protein: risk of dehydration
Consumption of a large amount of protein intensifies the process of water loss, which in consequence may cause the risk of dehydration. The reason for this is the excess nitrogen contained in the protein supplied - this is what increases the excretion of water from the body. At this point it is also worth mentioning that dehydration increases the chance of deficiencies of certain elements, e.g. calcium, which is a fundamental component of a diet in order to maintain healthy bones and keep muscles working properly.
Excess dietary protein: kidney problems
Speaking of nitrogen, it should be added that an excess of it causes a more or less troublesome burden on the kidneys. In turn, the previously mentioned excretion of calcium causes the element to be deposited in the walls of the kidneys - the result is a very popular condition called nephrolithiasis. Excessive intake of protein can not only cause pain in the kidneys, but also really damage their proper functioning and lead to impairment of the optimal functioning of the whole organism.
Excess dietary protein: acidification of the body
Acidification of the body caused by excess protein is inextricably linked to high saturation of the system with uric acid - this compound causes weakening of the condition and functioning of the kidneys and liver, which are responsible for cleansing mechanisms. A high protein intake may result in a high level of protein metabolites in the blood, and then result in their accumulation in e.g. soft tissues or joints. This increases the risk of developing gout, which is a rheumatic disease with severe pain in the joints.
Excess dietary protein: unpleasant smell
Ammonia, which is one of the metabolites of protein, has a characteristic and intense smell. The increase of its level caused by the excess of proteins in the diet can lead to the unpleasant smell of sweat and urine, bad breath (so-called halitosis) and intense gas. It is also worth mentioning that excess protein accumulated in the intestine undergoes slow putrefaction processes. This in turn causes the formation of the ammonia mentioned above, which increases the risk of gastrointestinal cancer.